Sweden was closely linked to the European Union (then the European Communities) by the EEA Agreement in 1994 and became a full member of the Union on 1 January 1995. Membership influenced the Swedish labour market through the introduction of the trade union`s labour law legislation into Swedish legislation. This has had repercussions, inter alia, on Swedish legislation on discrimination, equal opportunities and pay for men and women, as well as on the impact of a business transfer, etc. It has also opened up the Swedish labour market to workers from other Member States. Collective agreement IF Metall, pdf, opens in a new window If a collective agreement exists, neither employers nor unions can take union action. This obligation of peace is governed by the Employment (Co-Determination in the Workplace) Act (1976:580) and all collective agreements. It is possible for an employer to circumvent the law in collective agreements, but these agreements must still comply with the EU Working Time Directive. . . .